Like adults, children may also struggle with sinusitis. Sometimes mechanical obstruction is the cause and surgical intervention is needed.
Younger children only have ethmoid and maxillary sinuses. The frontal and sphenoid sinuses develop much later (after the age of 7 years).
Since everything in children is much smaller, surgery is often more challenging.
Some babies are born with the back of the nose blocked (a developmental abnormality called choanal atresia) which is also easily managed with endoscopic surgery.
Blocked lacrimal or tear ducts (often congenital) are treated with a procedure called a endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).
Nasal tumors, like juvenile angiofibroma’s, found in boys (usually from teens) are also managed with this type of surgery. They present with a blocked nose and nose bleeding. Surgery is the main treatment option for the angiofibroma’s